Cloud–based Evaluation of Anatomical Structure Segmentation and Landmark Detection Algorithms: VISCERAL Anatomy Benchmarks

Abstract—Variations in the shape and appearance of anatomical structures in medical images are often relevant radiological signs of disease. Automatic tools can help automate parts of this manual process. A cloud–based evaluation framework is presented in this paper including results of benchmarking current state–of–the–art medical…

3D segmentation using perceptual computing

Abstract We present a semi-automatic tool for 3D segmentation in volumetric medial sans using natural input from the user. The input onsists of hand motions and gestures aquired using 3D amera. Our method onsists of ve steps: 1) initial 2D…

Automatic liver tumor segmentation in follow-up CT studies using Convolutional Neural Networks

Abstract We present a new, fully automatic algorithm for liver tumors seg-mentation in follow-up CT studies. The inputs are a baseline CT scan and a de-lineation of the tumors in it and a follow-up scan; the outputs are the tumors…

Detection and correction of volumetric medical image segmentation errors by 3D-ray casting and Laplace deformation

Abstract Purpose Patient-specific models of anatomical structures and pathologies generated from volumetric medical images play an increasingly central role in many aspects of patient care. A key task in generating these models is the segmentation of anatomical structures and pathologies of interest. Although numerous…

Tumor burden evaluation in NF1 patients with plexiform neurofibromas in daily clinical practice

Abstract Background Existing volumetric measurements of plexiform neurofibromas (PNs) are time consuming and error prone, as they require delineation of PN boundaries, a procedure that is not practical in the typical clinical setting. The aim of this study is to…

Haptic computer-assisted patient-specific preoperative planning for orthopedic fractures surgery

Abstract Purpose The aim of orthopedic trauma surgery is to restore the anatomy and function of displaced bone fragments to support osteosynthesis. For complex cases, including pelvic bone and multi-fragment femoral neck and distal radius fractures, preoperative planning with a…

Automatic lung tumor segmentation with leaks removal in follow-up CT studies

Abstract Purpose In modern oncology, disease progression and response to treatment are routinely evaluated with a series of volumetric scans. The number of tumors and their volume (mass) over time provides a quantitative measure for the evaluation. Thus, many of…

The Effect of Chemotherapy on Optic Pathway Gliomas and Their Sub-Components: A Volumetric MR Analysis Study

Abstract Background. Optic pathway gliomas (OPG) represent 5% of pediatric brain tumors and compose a major therapeutic dilemma to the treating physicians. While chemotherapy is widely used for these tumors, our ability to predict radiological response is still lacking. In…

The role of automatic computer-aided surgical trajectory planning in improving the expected safety of stereotactic neurosurgery

Abstract Purpose Minimal invasion computer-assisted neurosurgical procedures with various tool insertions into the brain may carry hemorrhagic risks and neurological deficits. The goal of this study is to investigate the role of computer-based surgical trajectory planning tools in improving the…

Schizophrenia patients di erentiation based on MR vascular perfusion and volumetric imaging

Abstract Candecomp/Parafac Decomposition (CPD) has emerged as a framework for modeling N-way arrays (higher-order matrices). CPD is naturally well suited for the analysis of data sets comprised of observations of a function of multiple discrete indices. In this study we…

Semiautomatic segmentation and follow-up of multicomponent low-grade tumors in longitudinal brain MRI studies

Abstract Purpose: Tracking the progression of low grade tumors (LGTs) is a challenging task, due to their slow growth rate and associated complex internal tumor components, such as heterogeneous enhancement, hemorrhage, and cysts. In this paper, the authors show a…

PNist: interactive volumetric measurements of plexiform neurofibromas in MRI scans

Abstract Purpose Volumetric measurements of plexiform neurofibromas (PNs) are time consuming and error prone, as they require the delineation of the PN boundaries, which is mostly impractical in the daily clinical setup. Accurate volumetric measurements are seldom performed for these…

Rule-Based Ventral Cavity Multi-Organ Automatic Segmentation in CT Scans

Abstract We describe a new method for the automatic segmentation of multiple organs of the ventral cavity in CT scans. The method is based on a set of rules that determine the order in which the organs are isolated and…

Automatic lung tumor segmentation with leaks removal in follow-up CT studies

Abstract We present a novel automatic algorithm for lung tumors segmentation in follow-up CT studies. The inputs are a baseline CT scan and a delineation of the tumors in it; the output is the tumor delineations in the follow-up scan.…

Haptic interface for computer-assisted patient specific preoperative planning in orthopedic fractures surgery

Abstract This study presents a haptic-based patient specific preoperative planning tool for orthopedic surgeries designed to restore pelvic bone fractures. The tool allows planning of both of mains steps of an orthopedic surgery: reduction and fixation. The planning is carry…

Page 1 of 512345